The British public body, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), introduced a new recommendation in early April 2014 due to an increase in the presentation of the number of young people who inject steroids at UK needle exchanges. NICE previously published needle exchange guidelines in 2009, in which needle and syringe services are not advised for people under the age of 18 years, but the organisation's director Professor Mike Kelly explained that a "completely different group" of people were presenting at programs. In the updated guidance, NICE recommended the provision of specialist services for "rapidly increasing numbers of steroid users", and that needles should be provided to people under the age of 18—a first for NICE—following reports of 15-year-old steroid injectors seeking to develop their muscles. 
Jason's (25) question: So, I came out to my parents about 3 years ago, and that was literally the last time we ever spoke about my sexuality. My dad keeps on asking if I have a girlfriend yet, as if he completely forgot that I am gay. I've been bottling up all my feelings through my entire life. I'm too scared to talk to my family again, I pushed all my friends away because of my fear of rejection, and I spend every night alone at home, comforting myself with food. I suppose my question is, how do I go about embracing the person I really am, and how do I motivate myself to lose weight and become healthy once again?
Prevention of foodborne botulism is based on good practice in food preparation particularly during heating/sterilization and hygiene. Foodborne botulism may be prevented by the inactivation of the bacterium and its spores in heat-sterilized (for example, retorted) or canned products or by inhibiting bacterial growth and toxin production in other products. The vegetative forms of bacteria can be destroyed by boiling but the spores can remain viable after boiling even for several hours. However, the spores can be killed by very high temperature treatments such as commercial canning.