Microbial transformation of steroids wikipedia

Microorganisms tend to have a relatively fast rate of evolution. Most microorganisms can reproduce rapidly, and bacteria are also able to freely exchange genes through conjugation , transformation and transduction , even between widely divergent species. [33] This horizontal gene transfer , coupled with a high mutation rate and other means of transformation, allows microorganisms to swiftly evolve (via natural selection ) to survive in new environments and respond to environmental stresses . This rapid evolution is important in medicine, as it has led to the development of multidrug resistant pathogenic bacteria , superbugs , that are resistant to antibiotics . [34]

Microbial transformation of steroids wikipedia

microbial transformation of steroids wikipedia

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