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Hydrocortisone is the pharmaceutical term for cortisol used in oral administration, intravenous injection, or topical application. It is used as an immunosuppressive drug , given by injection in the treatment of severe allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis and angioedema , in place of prednisolone in patients needing steroid treatment but unable to take oral medication, and perioperatively in patients on long-term steroid treatment to prevent Addisonian crisis . It may also be injected into inflamed joints resulting from diseases such as gout .
Hydrocortisone topical preparations (., cream, lotion, or ointment) should be applied to the affected area in a thin film not more than 2 to 3 times a day. Your doctor may also suggest to apply only 1 to 2 times a day. Take care not to get this medication in your eyes. Wash your hands after applying the medication. Do not use a non-breathing wrapping on the area where the medication has been applied unless instructed to do so by your doctor. Use this medication for a maximum of 4 weeks. If symptoms persist longer than 7 days, consult your doctor.