In 2010, the Commission adopted the Renewable Auction Mechanism (RAM) program through Decision (D.) 10-12-048 to create a simplified market based procurement process for smaller RPS generation projects. The RAM program started as a simplified market-based procurement mechanism for renewable distributed generation (DG) projects greater than 3 MW and up to 20 MW (see, -05-035 , implementing the revised Section Feed-in-Tariff and changing the minimum project size for RAM to projects greater than 3 MW) on the system side of the meter. In -12-048, the Commission initially authorized the utilities to procure 1,000 megawatts ( expanded to 1,299 MW by -02-035 and -02-002 ) through RAM by holding four auctions over two years. A fifth auction was authorized by Resolution E-4582 to take place no later than a year after the close of the fourth RAM auction. On November 20, 2014, the Commission issued -11-042 adopting one additional RAM auction, RAM 6 to close by June 30,2015. Beyond RAM 6, the Decision adopted a revised RAM process characterized by the following:
Bell's patent ( US Patent 174,465: Telegraphy ) was filed on February 14, 1876 and granted about three weeks later (March 7, 1876) and it describes various improvements to simple telegraphy (the method of sending messages down a length of wire using electric currents made famous by Samuel Morse). The most interesting part for modern readers is figure 7, shown here, in which Bell explains how his equipment can carry signals from "the human voice or by means of a musical instrument" (in other words, how his telegraph can be used as a telephone). You'll recognize how it works straight away if you've read the rest of this article. Briefly:
"Our next question was whether epigenetic drift could be altered to increase lifespan," says Dr. Issa. One of the strongest factors known to increase lifespan in animals is calorie restriction, in which calories in the diet are reduced while still maintaining intake of essential nutrients. To examine its effects, the researchers cut calorie intake by 40 percent in young mice and by 30 percent in middle-aged monkeys. In both species, significant reductions in epigenetic drift were observed, such that age-related changes in methylation in old animals on the calorie-restricted diets were comparable to those of young animals.